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Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D. and Mitchell, K.J. (2004). Internet-initiated sex crimes against minors: Implications for prevention based on findings from a national study [Electronic version]. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35:424.e11-424.e20.

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The study attempts to understand the transition from online to offline relationships between online predators and their victims. The researchers first sent a mail survey then did a telephone interview. Majority of predators found their victims in chat rooms for a variety of topics and most took time to get to know thier victims. Over half lied about some aspect of themselves, such as age or physical appearance, at some point in the relationship. The study concludes that youth are not forced into the relationship and usually meet the predator willingly knowing their intentions.